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Fertilizers are added to soil to supply one or more elements required for plant growth and productiveness. Fertilizers enhance the natural fertility of the soil or replace the chemical elements taken from the soil by harvesting, grazing, leaching or erosion. Organic fertilizers include properly managed barnyard manure, compost and green manure. Manure contains nitrogen and phosphate content. It is sometimes modified with superphosphate to make it a more balanced fertilizer.

Compost, decayed to a relatively stable, amorphous state, is made from plant materials mixed with manure and some soil. Green manure is herbaceous plant material plowed into the soil that has not undergone decay.

Artificial fertilizers are inorganic fertilizers formulated in appropriate concentrations and combinations and they supply three main nutrients: nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (N, P and K) for various crops and growing conditions. N (nitrogen) promotes leaf growth and forms proteins and chlorophyll. P (phosphorus) contributes to root, flower and fruit development. K (potassium) contributes to stem and root growth and the synthesis of proteins.

KICL has been a pioneer in offering Single Super Phosphate (SSP), NPK mixtures and straight fertilizers at Indian-farmer-friendly prices.

Single Super Phosphate

The SSP installed capacity is 82000MT and KICL is marketing about 75000 of SSP in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka & Kerala States.

Super Phosphate (SP) is a straight phosphatic multi-nutrient fertilizer which contains 16% water soluble P2O5, 12% sulphur, 21% calcium and some other essential micro nutrients in small proportions.

SSP, which is a poor farmer's fertilizer, optimizes the use of phosphatic fertilizers. It also helps to treat sulphur deficiency in soils (40% of Indian soil is sulphur deficient) as well for further enhancement of yields at the least cost. SSP is an essential fertilizer in various crops, which require more of sulphur and phosphate like oilseeds, pulses, sugarcane, fruits and vegetables, tea etc.

NPK Mixtures

KICL markets nearly 60000 MT of NPK Granulated Mixtures majorly in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu & Karnataka.

The major three elements of NPK mixtures are nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus, the secondary elements are calcium, sulphur, magnesium, and other elements are boron, manganese, iron, zinc, copper and molybdenum.

KICL has won the trust of the Indian farmer and our agro dealers position these products as a part of complete package of services.

Straight Fertilizers

Straight Fertilizers supply single plant nutrient either nitrogen (N), or phosphorus (P), or potassium (K). Example: Urea supplies 46% N; Super phosphate provides 7% P or 16% P2O5.

Nitrogen:

Nitrogen is the first fertilizer element of macro-nutrients usually applied in commercial fertilizers. Nitrogen is a very important nutrient for plants and it seems to have the quickest and most pronounced effect. In the case of nitrogenous fertilizers, nitrogen may be in the form of ammonia, nitrate (or a combination thereof) or as an amide.

Nitrogenous fertilizer - Source of Nitrogen:

Name of fertilizers Percentage of Nitrogen
Ammonium Sulphate 20.6-21.0
Urea 44.0-46.0
Ammonium Chloride 25+
Ammonium Nitrate 32-35
Ammonium Sulphate Nitrate 2.6
Calcium Ammonium Nitrate (CAN) 25.0
Sodium Nitrate 16.0
Calcium Nitrate 15.6-21.6
Potassium Nitrate 13.0
Calcium cynamide 212.0

Phosphorus:

Phosphorus is the second fertilizer element that is an essential constituent of every living cell and a vital component for the nutrition of plants and animals. It is an active participant in the metabolism of a plant. Phosphate present in phosphatic fertilizers may be in a water soluble form or in a soluble form of citrate. That portion of phosphate which is soluble in water is called water soluble phosphate and that which is not soluble in water, but in 2 per cent neutral ammonium citrate solution, is called citrate soluble phosphate. The sum of water soluble and citrate soluble values is termed as available phosphates.

Phosphatic fertilizer - Source of phosphorous

Name of fertilizers Percentage of P2O5
Single Superphosphate 16.1-20+.0
Double Superphosphate 30.1-35.0
Triple Superphosphate 45.0-50.0
Basic Slage (India) 3.0-8.0
Dicalcium 35.0-40.0
Phosphate   
Rock Phosphate 20.0-25.0


Potassium:

Potassium is the third fertilizer element. Potassium acts as a chemical traffic policeman, root booster, stalk strengthener, food former, sugar and starch transporter, protein builder, breathing regulator, water stretcher and as a disease retarder but it is not effective without its co-nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus.

Potassic fertilizer - Source of potassium

Name of fertilizers Percentage of
Murate of potash 50.0-60.0
Potassium sulphate 48.0-52.0
Kotharis Crop Protection provides farmers wide range of insecticides, fungicides and herbicides to protect the crop and to increase productivity.

During its life cycle a crop will encounter many enemies that can hamper the growth: pests, weeds, fungus.

Range of products - Insecticides

Kimida

Product Name- Kimida
Technical Name- Imidacloprid 17.8% S.L
It is systemic insecticide which contains-17.8% w/w Imidaclorprid as active ingredient and balance other relevant adjuvants.It isused as foiler spray for the control of sucking and some other insects in different crops. When handled properly according to good agricultural practicdes it is suitable for use in Integrated pest management.

Recommendations
Crop Common name of insect pest Dosage/Per Ha. Interval between last application & harvest - (Days)
    A.I (kg) Formulation (Lts) Dilution in water (Litre)  
Cotton
Paddy
Chillies
Sugar cane
Mango
Aphids whitefly Jassids, Thrips BPH WBPH GLH Jassids aphids Thrips Termite Hopper 0.02-0.025 0.020-.025 0.025-0.05 0.07 0.4-0.8g/tree 0.10-.125
0.10-.125
0.125-0.250
0.350 2-4 ml/tree
500-700
500-700
500-700
1875 10 litre
40
40
40
45
45

Spray over sets in furrows and cover with soil.
Available Packs 50 ml,100 ml,250 ml,500ml,1lit
Warranty Since the use of the product is beyond our control, we do not assume any responsibility other than the uniform quality of the product

Beamer 4 GR

Product Name- Beamer 4 GR
Technical Name- Cartap Hydrochloride 4% GR
It is a granual formulation insecticide which contains 4% cartap hydrochloride a.i. and balance adjuvants

Crops Common name of pest   Dosage/Hectare Waiting Period between last spray to harvest - (in days)
    A.I (gm) Formulation (kg) Dilution in water(litre)  
Rice Steam borer
Leaf folder
Whine maggot
750
750-1000
750-1000
18.75
18.75-25.00
18.75-25.00
  -
-
-
-
-
Available Packs 1 kg and 5 kg
Warranty Since the use of the product is beyond our control, we do not assume any responsibility other than the uniform quality of the product

Kothari M 45

Technical Name- Mancozeb 75% WP
Available Packs : 100gm, 250gm, 500gm, 1kg
It is a contact fungicide based on Mancozeb Tech. containing 75% w/w active ingredient and balance adjuvants. It is used to control brown and black rust & blight of wheat; leaf blight & downy mildew of maize, blast of paddy; leaf spot of Jowar, Urad, Coconut & Tapioca; rust of Soyabean, damping off of Chillies and other fungal disease of Banana Guava and other field crops.

Recommendations
Crops Common NAmes of Diseases Dosage / Ha Waiting (Days)
    AI (Kg) Formulation (Kg) Dilution in water (Ltrs)  
Wheat Brown & black rust 1.125-1.5 1.5-2 750 -
  Blight 1.125-1.5 1.5-2 750 -
Maize Brown & black rust 1.125-1.5 1.5-2 750 -
  Downy mildew 1.125-1.5 1.5-2 750 -
Paddy Blast 1.125-1.5 1.5-2 750 -
Jowar Leaf spot 1.125-1.5 1.5-2 750 -
Potato Late blight 1.125-1.5 1.5-2 750 -
Tomato Late blight 1.125-1.5 1.5-2 750 -
  Buck eye rot 1.125-1.5 1.5-2 750 -
  Leaf spot 1.125-1.5 1.5-2 750 -
Chillies Damping off 2.25 gms 3 gms(Soil Drench) 1 -
  Fruit rot 1.125-1.5 1.5-2 750 -
  Ripe rot 1.125-1.5 1.5-2 750 -
  Leaf spot 1.125-1.5 1.5-2 750 -
Beans Anthracnose 1.125-1.5 1.5-2 750 -
  Leaf spot 1.125-1.5 1.5-2 750 -
Muskmelon Downy mildew 1.125-1.5 1.5-2 750 -
Watermelon Anthracnose 1.125-1.5 1.5-2 750 -
Bottlegourd Anthracnose 1.125-1.5 1.5-2 750 -
Onion Leaf blight 1.125-1.5 1.5-2 750 -
Tapioca Leaf spot 1.125-1.5 1.5-2 750 -
Ginger Yellow disease 450 gms 600 gms (12-14 quintals) 300 gms -
Sugarbeat Leaf spot 1.125-1.5 1.5-2 750 -
Cauliflower Collar rot 2.25 gms 3 gms 1 -
  Leaf spot 1.125-1.5 1.5-2 750 -
Ground nut Tikka disease & rust 1.125-1.5 1.5-2 750 -
Soyabean Rust 1.125-1.5 1.5-2 750 -
Sun flower Leaf spot 1.125-1.5 1.5-2 750 -
Leaf rust 1.125-1.5 1.5-2 750 -
Urid Leaf spot 1.125-1.5 1.5-2 750 -
Grapes Angular leaf spot 1.125-1.5 1.5-2 750 -
  Downey mildew 1.125-1.5 1.5-2 750 -
  Anthracnose 1.125-1.5 1.5-2 750 -
Coconut Leaf rot 22.5 gms 30 gms 10/tree -
Walnut Downey leaf spot 15-18.75 gms 20-25 gms 10/tree -
Guava Fruit rot 15 gm 20 gms 10/tree -
Banana Cigarend rot 1.125-1.5 1.5-2 1000 -
  Tip rot 1.125-1.5 1.5-2 1000 -
  Sigatokq leaf spot 1.125-1.5 1.5-2 1000 -
Apple Sacb & scooty blotch 22.5/tree 30 gm/tree 10 ltr/tree -

Eradica

Technical Name- Atrazine 50% w/w
Available Packs : 500gm
It is a selective herbicide which contains 50% w/w atrazine (A.I.) and balance in other relevant adjuvants.

Chemical Composition:
Atrazine Technical (Based on 80% w/w a.i) 62.50% w/w
Anionic wetting and dispersing agent(Tamol.NNo) 3.00% w/w
Anionic suspending agent (duodenal-G) 5.00% w/w
Non-Ionic Ethylene oxide adduct of alkyl phenols(Rg-3113) 5.00% w/w
Inert Carrier (China Clay) 24.50% w/w
Total 100.00% w/w

Recommendations
Crops Common name of weeds   Dosage/Hectare Waiting Period between last spray to harvest(in days)
    A.I (kg) Formulation (kg) Dilution in water(litre)  
Maize & Bajra Trianthema monogyna Digera arvensis Echinochloa spp. Eleusine spp. Xanthium strumarium Brachiaria sp. Digitraria sp. Amaranthus viridis Cleome viscosa Polygonum sp.Portulaca oleracea 0.5 - 1.0 1.0 - 2.0 500 - 700 -
Sugarcane Digitaeria sp. Boerhaavia diffusa Euphorbia sp. Tribulus terrestris 0.5 - 2.0 1.0 - 4.0 500 - 700 -
Potato Spergula arvensis Digitaria sp. Chenopodium album 0.25 0.5 500 - 600 -
Available Packs 500 gm

Snap

Technical Name- Oxyflourfen 23.5% E.C
Oxyflourfen 23.5% E.C. is selective herbicide. It has residual activity and controls important weeds in direct sown, puddled transplanted rice. Weedicide is used as pre-emergence treatment within 4 days after transplanting/sowing.

Recommendations
Crop(S) Common name of the Weeds Dosages/Ha Waiting Period (ltr) last Spray to harvest (days)
    A.I
(gm)
Formulation
(gm)
Dilution in water
(ltr)
 
Paddy (Direct As shown puddled or transplanted) Echinichloa Cyperus difformis, Cypeurs iria Fimbriystylis 150-240 miliacea Eclipta alba Marselia Spp. Ludwigia perenning 150-240 645-1030 500 Apply within 4 days after transplanting
Groundnut Echinochloa colonum 150-250 645-1075 500-750 Blanket application on the soil between the row or pre- emergence or weeds Digitaria Sp

Time of Application
Groundnut : Blanket application on the soil between the row pre emergence of weed Rice : Apply within 4 days after transplanting
Micronutrients are a group of nutrients which are essential for plant growth but are required by plants in small quantities. Intensive cropping depletes all nutrients including micronutrients from the soil at a fast rate. Therefore selective use of micronutrients is necessary for increasing agricultural production. Micronutrients are often applied as part of NPK fertilizers. They may also be applied as a solution directly, or can be sprayed on bulk blends. Where quick action is required, salts of micronutrients dissolved in water are sprayed onto crop foliage.

Iron, zinc, manganese, copper, boron, molybdenum and chlorine fall under this category.

Boron sources

Boron can be applied to the soil as a broadcast or band application or applied foliar as a spray or dust. Soil application rates for responsive crops may be high as 3 kg B/ha and for low and medium responsive crops, 0.5 to 1.0 kg/ha. Common Boron fertilizer sources, their content and water solubility are given below:


Boron fertilizer sources, boron contents and water solubility

Source Percent B Water soluble
Borax 11.3 Yes
Sodium pentaborate 18.0 Yes
Fertilizer Borate 46 14.0 Yes
Fertilizer Borate 65 20.0 Yes
Boric acid 17.0 Yes
Colemanite 10.0 Low
Solubor 20.0 Yes
Boronated Single Superphosphate 0.18 Yes

Copper Sources

The following table lists common Cu sources, their Cu contents, water solubility and application methods.

Source Percent Cu Water soluble Application methods
Copper sulphate 22.5-24 Yes Foliar, Soil
Copper ammonium Phosphate 30.0 Slight Foliar, Soil
Copper chelates Variable Yes Foliar, Soi
Other organic Variable Yes Foliar, Soil

Iron Sources

Common Fe fertilizer sources and their Fe contents are tabulated. Soil application or foliar spray can correct crop deficiencies to some degree. Applying soluble materials (such as ferrous sulphate) to the soil is not very efficient, because the Fe converts rapidly due to unavailable forms. When these materials are applied as foliar sprays, they are much more effective. Injections of dry Fe salts directly into trunks and limbs have controlled Fe chlorosis in fruit trees. Most Fe fertilizer sources are best applied as foliar spray. This method involves lower rates than soil application.

Source Percent Fe
Iron sulphate 19-23
Iron oxide 69-73
Iron ammonium sulphate 14
Iron ammonium polyphosphate 22
Iron chelates 5-14
Other organics 5-10

Altering soil pH in a narrow band in the root zone can correct Fe deficiencies. Oxidisable sulphur (S) products will lower soil pH and convert insoluble soil Fe to a form the plant can use.

Manganese Sources

Manganese deficiencies can be corrected by adding soluble Mn salts, such as Mn sulphate, with starter fertilizer and applied on a band. High Phosphate starter fertilizer helps mobilize Mn into the plant.A field deficiency symptom can be corrected by foliar application. Spraying with 10 kg/ha MnSO in water is a common treatment for Mn deficient soybeans. In extremely acid soils (pH less than 5), Mn toxicity may occur. Liming will eliminate this problem. Following table shows common Mn fertilizer sources and their Mn contents.

Source Percent Mn
Manganese sulphate 26-30.5
Manganese oxide 41-68
Manganese chelate 12
Manganese carbonate 31
Manganese chloride 17


Molybdenum

. The common Mo fertilizer sources, their Mo contents and water solubility are given in the following table.

Source Percent Mo Water soluble
Ammonium molybdate 54 Yes
Sodium molybdate 39-41 Yes
Molybdic acid 47.5 Slight


Zinc Sources

The best procedure for correcting Zn deficiencies in field crops is to apply a Zn fertilizer broadcast or in a starter fertilizer beside the row. Application rates range from 1 kg Zn/ha to as high as 10 kg/ha, depending on soil test levels. Very low rates should be applied in a starter to improve the effectiveness of application. Zinc has excellent residual effects and high application rates may be sufficient for 3 to 4 years. Zinc fertilizer sources are listed in the table below.

When soil tie-up of Zn is expected under pH conditions or where an emergency situation exists on an established crop, Zn may be applied as foliar spray. Foliar sprays usually require about 0.5 to 1.0 kg Zn/ha.

Source Percent Zn
Zinc sulphate (hydrated) 23-36
Zinc Oxide 78
Basic Zinc sulphate 55
Zinc-ammonia complexes 10
Zinc chelates 9-14
Other organics 5-10

Bio - SHAKTHI

Bio-SHAKTHI is a plant Growth Promoter, from the family of bio-agri inputs which are based on ingredients of biological origin.

Available in granular and liquid form, Bio-SHAKTHI is an eco-friendly, organic plant vitalizer and bio-pesticide for the global market, offering complete crop protection solutions for urban agricultural initiatives. This safe-to-use bio-derivative has beneficial sea-weed extracts, humic acid, amino acids, hydrolysed proteins, macro and micro nutienets. Bio-SHAKTHI is developed using latest international methods, and is considered completely safe and non-toxic.
  • Derived from phyto-origin
  • A bio organic nutritional product
  • Eco friendly combination
  • Stimulates protein synthesis
  • Gives 40% more yield
  • Increases the keeping quality


Dosage: 500ml/acre with 150-200 lit of water